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support.c

#include "FEATURE/uwin"

#if !_UWIN || (_lib__copysign||_lib_copysign) && _lib_logb && (_lib__finite||_lib_finite) && (_lib_drem||_lib_remainder) && _lib_sqrt && _lib_ilogb && (_lib__scalb||_lib_scalb)

void _STUB_support(){}

#else

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1985, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)support.c     8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93";
#endif /* not lint */

/* 
 * Some IEEE standard 754 recommended functions and remainder and sqrt for 
 * supporting the C elementary functions.
 ******************************************************************************
 * WARNING:
 *      These codes are developed (in double) to support the C elementary
 * functions temporarily. They are not universal, and some of them are very
 * slow (in particular, drem and sqrt is extremely inefficient). Each 
 * computer system should have its implementation of these functions using 
 * its own assembler.
 ******************************************************************************
 *
 * IEEE 754 required operations:
 *     drem(x,p) 
 *              returns  x REM y  =  x - [x/y]*y , where [x/y] is the integer
 *              nearest x/y; in half way case, choose the even one.
 *     sqrt(x) 
 *              returns the square root of x correctly rounded according to 
 *          the rounding mod.
 *
 * IEEE 754 recommended functions:
 * (a) copysign(x,y) 
 *              returns x with the sign of y. 
 * (b) scalb(x,N) 
 *              returns  x * (2**N), for integer values N.
 * (c) logb(x) 
 *              returns the unbiased exponent of x, a signed integer in 
 *              double precision, except that logb(0) is -INF, logb(INF) 
 *              is +INF, and logb(NAN) is that NAN.
 * (d) finite(x) 
 *              returns the value TRUE if -INF < x < +INF and returns 
 *              FALSE otherwise.
 *
 *
 * CODED IN C BY K.C. NG, 11/25/84;
 * REVISED BY K.C. NG on 1/22/85, 2/13/85, 3/24/85.
 */

#include "mathimpl.h"

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)      /* VAX D format */
#include <errno.h>
    static const unsigned short msign=0x7fff , mexp =0x7f80 ;
    static const short  prep1=57, gap=7, bias=129           ;   
    static const double novf=1.7E38, nunf=3.0E-39, zero=0.0 ;
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
    static const unsigned short msign=0x7fff, mexp =0x7ff0  ;
    static const short prep1=54, gap=4, bias=1023           ;
    static const double novf=1.7E308, nunf=3.0E-308,zero=0.0;
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */

#if !_lib__scalb || !_lib_scalb

extern double _scalb(x,N)
double x; double N;
{
        int k;

#ifdef national
        unsigned short *px=(unsigned short *) &x + 3;
#else /* national */
        unsigned short *px=(unsigned short *) &x;
#endif      /* national */

        if( x == zero )  return(x); 

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        if( (k= *px & mexp ) != ~msign ) {
            if (N < -260)
            return(nunf*nunf);
          else if (N > 260) {
            return(copysign(infnan(ERANGE),x));
          }
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
        if( (k= *px & mexp ) != mexp ) {
            if( N<-2100) return(nunf*nunf); else if(N>2100) return(novf+novf);
            if( k == 0 ) {
                 x *= scalb(1.0,prep1);  N -= prep1; return(scalb(x,N));}
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */

            if((k = (k>>gap)+ N) > 0 )
                if( k < (mexp>>gap) ) *px = (*px&~mexp) | (k<<gap);
                else x=novf+novf;               /* overflow */
            else
                if( k > -prep1 ) 
                                        /* gradual underflow */
                    {*px=(*px&~mexp)|(short)(1<<gap); x *= scalb(1.0,k-1);}
                else
                return(nunf*nunf);
            }
        return(x);
}

#endif

#if !_lib_scalb

extern double scalb(x,N)
double x; double N;
{
      return _scalb(x, N);
}

#endif

#if !_lib__copysign

extern double _copysign(x,y)
double x,y;
{
#ifdef national
        unsigned short  *px=(unsigned short *) &x+3,
                        *py=(unsigned short *) &y+3;
#else /* national */
        unsigned short  *px=(unsigned short *) &x,
                        *py=(unsigned short *) &y;
#endif      /* national */

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        if ( (*px & mexp) == 0 ) return(x);
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */

        *px = ( *px & msign ) | ( *py & ~msign );
        return(x);
}

#endif

#if !_lib_copysign

extern double copysign(x,y)
double x,y;
{
      return _copysign(x,y);
}

#endif

#if !_lib_logb

extern double logb(x)
double x; 
{

#ifdef national
        short *px=(short *) &x+3, k;
#else /* national */
        short *px=(short *) &x, k;
#endif      /* national */

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        return (int)(((*px&mexp)>>gap)-bias);
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
        if( (k= *px & mexp ) != mexp )
            if ( k != 0 )
                return ( (k>>gap) - bias );
            else if( x != zero)
                return ( -1022.0 );
            else        
                return(-(1.0/zero));    
        else if(x != x)
            return(x);
        else
            {*px &= msign; return(x);}
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
}

#endif

#if !_lib__finite

extern int _finite(x)
double x;    
{
#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        return(1);
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
#ifdef national
        return( (*((short *) &x+3 ) & mexp ) != mexp );
#else /* national */
        return( (*((short *) &x ) & mexp ) != mexp );
#endif      /* national */
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
}

#endif

#if !_lib_finite

extern int finite(x)
double x;    
{
      return _finite(x);
}

#endif

#if !_lib_drem

extern double drem(x,p)
double x,p;
{
#if _lib_remainder
      return remainder(x,p);
#else
        short sign;
        double hp,dp,tmp;
        unsigned short  k; 
#ifdef national
        unsigned short
              *px=(unsigned short *) &x  +3, 
              *pp=(unsigned short *) &p  +3,
              *pd=(unsigned short *) &dp +3,
              *pt=(unsigned short *) &tmp+3;
#else /* national */
        unsigned short
              *px=(unsigned short *) &x  , 
              *pp=(unsigned short *) &p  ,
              *pd=(unsigned short *) &dp ,
              *pt=(unsigned short *) &tmp;
#endif      /* national */

        *pp &= msign ;

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        if( ( *px & mexp ) == ~msign )    /* is x a reserved operand? */
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
        if( ( *px & mexp ) == mexp )
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
            return  (x-p)-(x-p);    /* create nan if x is inf */
      if (p == zero) {
#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
            return(infnan(EDOM));
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
            return zero/zero;
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
      }

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        if( ( *pp & mexp ) == ~msign )    /* is p a reserved operand? */
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
        if( ( *pp & mexp ) == mexp )
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
            { if (p != p) return p; else return x;}

        else  if ( ((*pp & mexp)>>gap) <= 1 ) 
                /* subnormal p, or almost subnormal p */
            { double b; b=scalb(1.0,(int)prep1);
              p *= b; x = drem(x,p); x *= b; return(drem(x,p)/b);}
        else  if ( p >= novf/2)
            { p /= 2 ; x /= 2; return(drem(x,p)*2);}
        else 
            {
                dp=p+p; hp=p/2;
                sign= *px & ~msign ;
                *px &= msign       ;
                while ( x > dp )
                    {
                        k=(*px & mexp) - (*pd & mexp) ;
                        tmp = dp ;
                        *pt += k ;

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
                        if( x < tmp ) *pt -= 128 ;
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
                        if( x < tmp ) *pt -= 16 ;
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */

                        x -= tmp ;
                    }
                if ( x > hp )
                    { x -= p ;  if ( x >= hp ) x -= p ; }

#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
            if (x)
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
                  *px ^= sign;
                return( x);

            }
#endif
}

#endif

#if !_lib_remainder

extern double remainder(x,p)
double x,p;
{
      return drem(x,p);
}

#endif

#if !_lib_sqrt

extern double sqrt(x)
double x;
{
        double q,s,b,r;
        double t;
      double const zero=0.0;
        int m,n,i;
#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
        int k=54;
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
        int k=51;
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */

    /* sqrt(NaN) is NaN, sqrt(+-0) = +-0 */
        if(x!=x||x==zero) return(x);

    /* sqrt(negative) is invalid */
        if(x<zero) {
#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
            return (infnan(EDOM));  /* NaN */
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
            return(zero/zero);
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
      }

    /* sqrt(INF) is INF */
        if(!finite(x)) return(x);               

    /* scale x to [1,4) */
        n=logb(x);
        x=scalb(x,-n);
        if((m=logb(x))!=0) x=scalb(x,-m);       /* subnormal number */
        m += n; 
        n = m/2;
        if((n+n)!=m) {x *= 2; m -=1; n=m/2;}

    /* generate sqrt(x) bit by bit (accumulating in q) */
            q=1.0; s=4.0; x -= 1.0; r=1;
            for(i=1;i<=k;i++) {
                t=s+1; x *= 4; r /= 2;
                if(t<=x) {
                    s=t+t+2, x -= t; q += r;}
                else
                    s *= 2;
                }
            
    /* generate the last bit and determine the final rounding */
            r/=2; x *= 4; 
            if(x==zero) goto end; 100+r; /* trigger inexact flag */
            if(s<x) {
                q+=r; x -=s; s += 2; s *= 2; x *= 4;
                t = (x-s)-5; 
                b=1.0+3*r/4; if(b==1.0) goto end; /* b==1 : Round-to-zero */
                b=1.0+r/4;   if(b>1.0) t=1;     /* b>1 : Round-to-(+INF) */
                if(t>=0) q+=r; }          /* else: Round-to-nearest */
            else { 
                s *= 2; x *= 4; 
                t = (x-s)-1; 
                b=1.0+3*r/4; if(b==1.0) goto end;
                b=1.0+r/4;   if(b>1.0) t=1;
                if(t>=0) q+=r; }
            
end:        return(scalb(q,n));
}

#endif

#if 0
/* DREM(X,Y)
 * RETURN X REM Y =X-N*Y, N=[X/Y] ROUNDED (ROUNDED TO EVEN IN THE HALF WAY CASE)
 * DOUBLE PRECISION (VAX D format 56 bits, IEEE DOUBLE 53 BITS)
 * INTENDED FOR ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE
 * CODED IN C BY K.C. NG, 3/23/85, 4/8/85.
 *
 * Warning: this code should not get compiled in unless ALL of
 * the following machine-dependent routines are supplied.
 * 
 * Required machine dependent functions (not on a VAX):
 *     swapINX(i): save inexact flag and reset it to "i"
 *     swapENI(e): save inexact enable and reset it to "e"
 */

extern double drem(x,y) 
double x,y;
{

#ifdef national         /* order of words in floating point number */
      static const n0=3,n1=2,n2=1,n3=0;
#else /* VAX, SUN, ZILOG, TAHOE */
      static const n0=0,n1=1,n2=2,n3=3;
#endif

      static const unsigned short mexp =0x7ff0, m25 =0x0190, m57 =0x0390;
      static const double zero=0.0;
      double hy,y1,t,t1;
      short k;
      long n;
      int i,e; 
      unsigned short xexp,yexp, *px  =(unsigned short *) &x  , 
                        nx,nf,        *py  =(unsigned short *) &y  ,
                        sign,   *pt  =(unsigned short *) &t  ,
                                *pt1 =(unsigned short *) &t1 ;

      xexp = px[n0] & mexp ;  /* exponent of x */
      yexp = py[n0] & mexp ;  /* exponent of y */
      sign = px[n0] &0x8000;  /* sign of x     */

/* return NaN if x is NaN, or y is NaN, or x is INF, or y is zero */
      if(x!=x) return(x); if(y!=y) return(y);        /* x or y is NaN */
      if( xexp == mexp )   return(zero/zero);      /* x is INF */
      if(y==zero) return(y/y);

/* save the inexact flag and inexact enable in i and e respectively
 * and reset them to zero
 */
      i=swapINX(0);     e=swapENI(0);     

/* subnormal number */
      nx=0;
      if(yexp==0) {t=1.0,pt[n0]+=m57; y*=t; nx=m57;}

/* if y is tiny (biased exponent <= 57), scale up y to y*2**57 */
      if( yexp <= m57 ) {py[n0]+=m57; nx+=m57; yexp+=m57;}

      nf=nx;
      py[n0] &= 0x7fff; 
      px[n0] &= 0x7fff;

/* mask off the least significant 27 bits of y */
      t=y; pt[n3]=0; pt[n2]&=0xf800; y1=t;

/* LOOP: argument reduction on x whenever x > y */
loop:
      while ( x > y )
      {
          t=y;
          t1=y1;
          xexp=px[n0]&mexp;     /* exponent of x */
          k=xexp-yexp-m25;
          if(k>0)       /* if x/y >= 2**26, scale up y so that x/y < 2**26 */
            {pt[n0]+=k;pt1[n0]+=k;}
          n=x/t; x=(x-n*t1)-n*(t-t1);
      }     
    /* end while (x > y) */

      if(nx!=0) {t=1.0; pt[n0]+=nx; x*=t; nx=0; goto loop;}

/* final adjustment */

      hy=y/2.0;
      if(x>hy||((x==hy)&&n%2==1)) x-=y; 
      px[n0] ^= sign;
      if(nf!=0) { t=1.0; pt[n0]-=nf; x*=t;}

/* restore inexact flag and inexact enable */
      swapINX(i); swapENI(e); 

      return(x);  
}
#endif

#if 0
/* SQRT
 * RETURN CORRECTLY ROUNDED (ACCORDING TO THE ROUNDING MODE) SQRT
 * FOR IEEE DOUBLE PRECISION ONLY, INTENDED FOR ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE
 * CODED IN C BY K.C. NG, 3/22/85.
 *
 * Warning: this code should not get compiled in unless ALL of
 * the following machine-dependent routines are supplied.
 * 
 * Required machine dependent functions:
 *     swapINX(i)  ...return the status of INEXACT flag and reset it to "i"
 *     swapRM(r)   ...return the current Rounding Mode and reset it to "r"
 *     swapENI(e)  ...return the status of inexact enable and reset it to "e"
 *     addc(t)     ...perform t=t+1 regarding t as a 64 bit unsigned integer
 *     subc(t)     ...perform t=t-1 regarding t as a 64 bit unsigned integer
 */

static const unsigned long table[] = {
0, 1204, 3062, 5746, 9193, 13348, 18162, 23592, 29598, 36145, 43202, 50740,
58733, 67158, 75992, 85215, 83599, 71378, 60428, 50647, 41945, 34246, 27478,
21581, 16499, 12183, 8588, 5674, 3403, 1742, 661, 130, };

extern double newsqrt(x)
double x;
{
        double y,z,t,addc(),subc()
      double const b54=134217728.*134217728.; /* b54=2**54 */
        long mx,scalx;
      long const mexp=0x7ff00000;
        int i,j,r,e,swapINX(),swapRM(),swapENI();       
        unsigned long *py=(unsigned long *) &y   ,
                      *pt=(unsigned long *) &t   ,
                      *px=(unsigned long *) &x   ;
#ifdef national         /* ordering of word in a floating point number */
        const int n0=1, n1=0; 
#else
        const int n0=0, n1=1; 
#endif
/* Rounding Mode:  RN ...round-to-nearest 
 *                 RZ ...round-towards 0
 *                 RP ...round-towards +INF
 *             RM ...round-towards -INF
 */
        const int RN=0,RZ=1,RP=2,RM=3;
                        /* machine dependent: work on a Zilog Z8070
                                 * and a National 32081 & 16081
                                 */

/* exceptions */
      if(x!=x||x==0.0) return(x);  /* sqrt(NaN) is NaN, sqrt(+-0) = +-0 */
      if(x<0) return((x-x)/(x-x)); /* sqrt(negative) is invalid */
        if((mx=px[n0]&mexp)==mexp) return(x);  /* sqrt(+INF) is +INF */

/* save, reset, initialize */
        e=swapENI(0);   /* ...save and reset the inexact enable */
        i=swapINX(0);   /* ...save INEXACT flag */
        r=swapRM(RN);   /* ...save and reset the Rounding Mode to RN */
        scalx=0;

/* subnormal number, scale up x to x*2**54 */
        if(mx==0) {x *= b54 ; scalx-=0x01b00000;}

/* scale x to avoid intermediate over/underflow:
 * if (x > 2**512) x=x/2**512; if (x < 2**-512) x=x*2**512 */
        if(mx>0x5ff00000) {px[n0] -= 0x20000000; scalx+= 0x10000000;}
        if(mx<0x1ff00000) {px[n0] += 0x20000000; scalx-= 0x10000000;}

/* magic initial approximation to almost 8 sig. bits */
        py[n0]=(px[n0]>>1)+0x1ff80000;
        py[n0]=py[n0]-table[(py[n0]>>15)&31];

/* Heron's rule once with correction to improve y to almost 18 sig. bits */
        t=x/y; y=y+t; py[n0]=py[n0]-0x00100006; py[n1]=0;

/* triple to almost 56 sig. bits; now y approx. sqrt(x) to within 1 ulp */
        t=y*y; z=t;  pt[n0]+=0x00100000; t+=z; z=(x-z)*y; 
        t=z/(t+x) ;  pt[n0]+=0x00100000; y+=t;

/* twiddle last bit to force y correctly rounded */ 
        swapRM(RZ);     /* ...set Rounding Mode to round-toward-zero */
        swapINX(0);     /* ...clear INEXACT flag */
        swapENI(e);     /* ...restore inexact enable status */
        t=x/y;          /* ...chopped quotient, possibly inexact */
        j=swapINX(i);   /* ...read and restore inexact flag */
        if(j==0) { if(t==y) goto end; else t=subc(t); }  /* ...t=t-ulp */
        b54+0.1;        /* ..trigger inexact flag, sqrt(x) is inexact */
        if(r==RN) t=addc(t);            /* ...t=t+ulp */
        else if(r==RP) { t=addc(t);y=addc(y);}/* ...t=t+ulp;y=y+ulp; */
        y=y+t;                          /* ...chopped sum */
        py[n0]=py[n0]-0x00100000;       /* ...correctly rounded sqrt(x) */
end:    py[n0]=py[n0]+scalx;            /* ...scale back y */
        swapRM(r);                      /* ...restore Rounding Mode */
        return(y);
}
#endif

#if !_lib_ilogb

extern int ilogb(double x)
{
      return((int)logb(x));
}

#endif

#endif

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