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huffman.c

/***********************************************************************
*                                                                      *
*              This software is part of the bzip package               *
*                       Copyright (c) 1996-2007                        *
*                                                                      *
* This software is provided 'as-is', without any express or implied    *
* warranty. In no event will the authors be held liable for any        *
* damages arising from the use of this software.                       *
*                                                                      *
* Permission is granted to anyone to use this software for any         *
* purpose, including commercial applications, and to alter it and      *
* redistribute it freely, subject to the following restrictions:       *
*                                                                      *
*  1. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented;          *
*     you must not claim that you wrote the original software. If      *
*     you use this software in a product, an acknowledgment in the     *
*     product documentation would be appreciated but is not            *
*     required.                                                        *
*                                                                      *
*  2. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such,          *
*     and must not be misrepresented as being the original             *
*     software.                                                        *
*                                                                      *
*  3. This notice may not be removed or altered from any source        *
*     distribution.                                                    *
*                                                                      *
* This program, "bzip2" and associated library "libbzip2", are         *
* copyright (C) 1996-1998 Julian R Seward.  All rights reserved.       *
*                                                                      *
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without   *
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions   *
* are met:                                                             *
*                                                                      *
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright    *
*    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.     *
*                                                                      *
* 2. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must  *
*    not claim that you wrote the original software.  If you use this  *
*    software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product           *
*    documentation would be appreciated but is not required.           *
*                                                                      *
* 3. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must  *
*    not be misrepresented as being the original software.             *
*                                                                      *
* 4. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote      *
*    products derived from this software without specific prior written*
*    permission.                                                       *
*                                                                      *
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS      *
* OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED    *
* WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE   *
* ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY      *
* DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL   *
* DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE    *
* GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS        *
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,         *
* WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING            *
* NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS   *
* SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.         *
*                                                                      *
* Julian Seward, Guildford, Surrey, UK.                                *
* jseward@acm.org                                                      *
* bzip2/libbzip2 version 0.9.0 of 28 June 1998                         *
*                                                                      *
*                           Julian R Seward                            *
*                                                                      *
***********************************************************************/
#pragma prototyped

/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- Huffman coding low-level stuff                        ---*/
/*---                                             huffman.c ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

/*--
  This file is a part of bzip2 and/or libbzip2, a program and
  library for lossless, block-sorting data compression.

  Copyright (C) 1996-1998 Julian R Seward.  All rights reserved.

  Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
  modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
  are met:

  1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
     notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.

  2. The origin of this software must not be misrepresented; you must 
     not claim that you wrote the original software.  If you use this 
     software in a product, an acknowledgment in the product 
     documentation would be appreciated but is not required.

  3. Altered source versions must be plainly marked as such, and must
     not be misrepresented as being the original software.

  4. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote 
     products derived from this software without specific prior written 
     permission.

  THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS
  OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
  WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
  ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY
  DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
  DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE
  GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
  INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
  WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
  NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
  SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.

  Julian Seward, Guildford, Surrey, UK.
  jseward@acm.org
  bzip2/libbzip2 version 0.9.0c of 18 October 1998

  This program is based on (at least) the work of:
     Mike Burrows
     David Wheeler
     Peter Fenwick
     Alistair Moffat
     Radford Neal
     Ian H. Witten
     Robert Sedgewick
     Jon L. Bentley

  For more information on these sources, see the manual.
--*/


#include "bzhdr.h"

/*---------------------------------------------------*/
#define WEIGHTOF(zz0)  ((zz0) & 0xffffff00)
#define DEPTHOF(zz1)   ((zz1) & 0x000000ff)
#define MYMAX(zz2,zz3) ((zz2) > (zz3) ? (zz2) : (zz3))

#define ADDWEIGHTS(zw1,zw2)                           \
   (WEIGHTOF(zw1)+WEIGHTOF(zw2)) |                    \
   (1 + MYMAX(DEPTHOF(zw1),DEPTHOF(zw2)))

#define UPHEAP(z)                                     \
{                                                     \
   Int32 zz, tmp;                                     \
   zz = z; tmp = heap[zz];                            \
   while (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[zz >> 1]]) {      \
      heap[zz] = heap[zz >> 1];                       \
      zz >>= 1;                                       \
   }                                                  \
   heap[zz] = tmp;                                    \
}

#define DOWNHEAP(z)                                   \
{                                                     \
   Int32 zz, yy, tmp;                                 \
   zz = z; tmp = heap[zz];                            \
   while (True) {                                     \
      yy = zz << 1;                                   \
      if (yy > nHeap) break;                          \
      if (yy < nHeap &&                               \
          weight[heap[yy+1]] < weight[heap[yy]])      \
         yy++;                                        \
      if (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[yy]]) break;      \
      heap[zz] = heap[yy];                            \
      zz = yy;                                        \
   }                                                  \
   heap[zz] = tmp;                                    \
}


/*---------------------------------------------------*/
void hbMakeCodeLengths ( UChar *len, 
                         Int32 *freq,
                         Int32 alphaSize,
                         Int32 maxLen )
{
   /*--
      Nodes and heap entries run from 1.  Entry 0
      for both the heap and nodes is a sentinel.
   --*/
   Int32 nNodes, nHeap, n1, n2, i, j, k;
   Bool  tooLong;

   Int32 heap   [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE + 2 ];
   Int32 weight [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2 ];
   Int32 parent [ BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2 ]; 

   for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++)
      weight[i+1] = (freq[i] == 0 ? 1 : freq[i]) << 8;

   while (True) {

      nNodes = alphaSize;
      nHeap = 0;

      heap[0] = 0;
      weight[0] = 0;
      parent[0] = -2;

      for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
         parent[i] = -1;
         nHeap++;
         heap[nHeap] = i;
         UPHEAP(nHeap);
      }

      AssertH( nHeap < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE+2), 2001 );
   
      while (nHeap > 1) {
         n1 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP(1);
         n2 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP(1);
         nNodes++;
         parent[n1] = parent[n2] = nNodes;
         weight[nNodes] = ADDWEIGHTS(weight[n1], weight[n2]);
         parent[nNodes] = -1;
         nHeap++;
         heap[nHeap] = nNodes;
         UPHEAP(nHeap);
      }

      AssertH( nNodes < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2), 2002 );

      tooLong = False;
      for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
         j = 0;
         k = i;
         while (parent[k] >= 0) { k = parent[k]; j++; }
         len[i-1] = j;
         if (j > maxLen) tooLong = True;
      }
      
      if (! tooLong) break;

      for (i = 1; i < alphaSize; i++) {
         j = weight[i] >> 8;
         j = 1 + (j / 2);
         weight[i] = j << 8;
      }
   }
}


/*---------------------------------------------------*/
void hbAssignCodes ( Int32 *code,
                     UChar *length,
                     Int32 minLen,
                     Int32 maxLen,
                     Int32 alphaSize )
{
   Int32 n, vec, i;

   vec = 0;
   for (n = minLen; n <= maxLen; n++) {
      for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++)
         if (length[i] == n) { code[i] = vec; vec++; };
      vec <<= 1;
   }
}


/*---------------------------------------------------*/
void hbCreateDecodeTables ( Int32 *limit,
                            Int32 *base,
                            Int32 *perm,
                            UChar *length,
                            Int32 minLen,
                            Int32 maxLen,
                            Int32 alphaSize )
{
   Int32 pp, i, j, vec;

   pp = 0;
   for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++)
      for (j = 0; j < alphaSize; j++)
         if (length[j] == i) { perm[pp] = j; pp++; };

   for (i = 0; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) base[i] = 0;
   for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++) base[length[i]+1]++;

   for (i = 1; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) base[i] += base[i-1];

   for (i = 0; i < BZ_MAX_CODE_LEN; i++) limit[i] = 0;
   vec = 0;

   for (i = minLen; i <= maxLen; i++) {
      vec += (base[i+1] - base[i]);
      limit[i] = vec-1;
      vec <<= 1;
   }
   for (i = minLen + 1; i <= maxLen; i++)
      base[i] = ((limit[i-1] + 1) << 1) - base[i];
}


/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
/*--- end                                         huffman.c ---*/
/*-------------------------------------------------------------*/

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