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exp__E.c

#include "FEATURE/uwin"

#if !_UWIN

void _STUB_exp__E(){}

#else

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1985, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#ifndef lint
static char sccsid[] = "@(#)exp__E.c      8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93";
#endif /* not lint */

/* exp__E(x,c)
 * ASSUMPTION: c << x  SO THAT  fl(x+c)=x.
 * (c is the correction term for x)
 * exp__E RETURNS
 *
 *                 /  exp(x+c) - 1 - x ,  1E-19 < |x| < .3465736
 *       exp__E(x,c) =  |                
 *                 \  0 ,  |x| < 1E-19.
 *
 * DOUBLE PRECISION (IEEE 53 bits, VAX D FORMAT 56 BITS)
 * KERNEL FUNCTION OF EXP, EXPM1, POW FUNCTIONS
 * CODED IN C BY K.C. NG, 1/31/85;
 * REVISED BY K.C. NG on 3/16/85, 4/16/85.
 *
 * Required system supported function:
 *    copysign(x,y)     
 *
 * Method:
 *    1. Rational approximation. Let r=x+c.
 *       Based on
 *                                   2 * sinh(r/2)     
 *                exp(r) - 1 =   ----------------------   ,
 *                               cosh(r/2) - sinh(r/2)
 *       exp__E(r) is computed using
 *                   x*x            (x/2)*W - ( Q - ( 2*P  + x*P ) )
 *                   --- + (c + x*[---------------------------------- + c ])
 *                    2                          1 - W
 *       where  P := p1*x^2 + p2*x^4,
 *              Q := q1*x^2 + q2*x^4 (for 56 bits precision, add q3*x^6)
 *              W := x/2-(Q-x*P),
 *
 *       (See the listing below for the values of p1,p2,q1,q2,q3. The poly-
 *        nomials P and Q may be regarded as the approximations to sinh
 *        and cosh :
 *          sinh(r/2) =  r/2 + r * P  ,  cosh(r/2) =  1 + Q . )
 *
 *         The coefficients were obtained by a special Remez algorithm.
 *
 * Approximation error:
 *
 *   |      exp(x) - 1                 |        2**(-57),  (IEEE double)
 *   | ------------  -  (exp__E(x,0)+x)/x  |  <= 
 *   |           x                             |          2**(-69).  (VAX D)
 *
 * Constants:
 * The hexadecimal values are the intended ones for the following constants.
 * The decimal values may be used, provided that the compiler will convert
 * from decimal to binary accurately enough to produce the hexadecimal values
 * shown.
 */

#include "mathimpl.h"

vc(p1, 1.5150724356786683059E-2 ,3abe,3d78,066a,67e1,  -6, .F83ABE67E1066A)
vc(p2, 6.3112487873718332688E-5 ,5b42,3984,0173,48cd, -13, .845B4248CD0173)
vc(q1, 1.1363478204690669916E-1 ,b95a,3ee8,ec45,44a2,  -3, .E8B95A44A2EC45)
vc(q2, 1.2624568129896839182E-3 ,7905,3ba5,f5e7,72e4,  -9, .A5790572E4F5E7)
vc(q3, 1.5021856115869022674E-6 ,9eb4,36c9,c395,604a, -19, .C99EB4604AC395)

ic(p1, 1.3887401997267371720E-2,  -7, 1.C70FF8B3CC2CF)
ic(p2, 3.3044019718331897649E-5, -15, 1.15317DF4526C4)
ic(q1, 1.1110813732786649355E-1,  -4, 1.C719538248597)
ic(q2, 9.9176615021572857300E-4, -10, 1.03FC4CB8C98E8)

#ifdef vccast
#define       p1    vccast(p1)
#define       p2    vccast(p2)
#define       q1    vccast(q1)
#define       q2    vccast(q2)
#define       q3    vccast(q3)
#endif

double __exp__E(x,c)
double x,c;
{
      const static double zero=0.0, one=1.0, half=1.0/2.0, small=1.0E-19;
      double z,p,q,xp,xh,w;
      if(copysign(x,one)>small) {
           z = x*x  ;
         p = z*( p1 +z* p2 );
#if defined(vax)||defined(tahoe)
           q = z*( q1 +z*( q2 +z* q3 ));
#else /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
           q = z*( q1 +z*  q2 );
#endif      /* defined(vax)||defined(tahoe) */
           xp= x*p     ; 
         xh= x*half  ;
           w = xh-(q-xp)  ;
         p = p+p;
         c += x*((xh*w-(q-(p+xp)))/(one-w)+c);
         return(z*half+c);
      }
      /* end of |x| > small */

      else {
          if(x!=zero) one+small;    /* raise the inexact flag */
          return(copysign(zero,x));
      }
}

#endif

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